Tag Archives: Spain

The culminanting days of Valencian Fallas

16 Apr

On March the 18th, Valencia had come to the culminating days of their festival, the Fallas, a traditional celebration held in commemoration of Saint Joseph in this city, in which beautiful huge figures (fallas) are built in order to be burned. The Fallas coincided this year with a long holiday weekend, and so the city was taken by a tide of visitors moving through the city to enjoy the sunshine of its fallas, the emotion of the Offering to the patron saint and the pyrotechnics spectacle of the Nit del Foc (Valencian for “Night of the Fire”) and the Cremà (the ceremony in which the fallas are burned).

 In that full spring atmosphere, and with no more rainy days, festive music and the symphony of firecrackers became the soundtrack of a film in which the smell of gunpowder, the fritter with chocolate flavor, the devotion to the Virgin and the hours until the arrival of purifying fire are always erected as protagonists.

 A million people  –  including Valencians, visitors from nearby towns and tourists  –  spent a time together in a city besieged by traffic chaos  – causing more than 550 blocked roads  –  and which saw the “no vacancies” billboard hanging in many of the hotels in the city, whose average occupancy is estimated to have been around 85%.


The city, packed out

 With the new freedom of schedules in many areas of Valencia, a lot of small retailers and big malls took advantage of the avalanche of people which invaded, mainly, the centre of the city to open their shops and search for an opportunity that could give them a rest.

 On this March 18th, one day more  –  and it had been already eighteenth of them – thousands of people packed out the town hall’s plaza to enjoy the rythm, the intensity and the roar turned into art in the typical mascletá, which consists of firecrackers that explode one after another making a lot of noise. These firecrackers were shot that day by the Caballer de Godella Pyrotechnics.

 Barely having time to digest this thunderous spectacle, at 3.30pm the second day of the touching Offering to the Virgin of the Defenseless started, one of the most crowded and emotional acts of the festival. Around 100.000 people participated during two days, including falleros – people in charge of taking care of the fallas – and musicians.

A cape of carnations

 60,000 bouquets of white and red carnations – though there were some yellow ones too  –  were left at the patron saint’s feet by touched “falleras”. These bouquets were later arranged by the “vestidores”, men who are in charge of preparing the Virgin’s cape. They must distribute the bouquets in the right places of the “vestidor”, a base to place the bouquets that forms the cape, so that the design of the cape is completed at the end of the day.

 “Dressing my queen” was the title of the spectacular design of this year’s cape, that the Virgin wore figuratively with a typical “manteleta”  – a kind of embroidered shawl, part of the traditional valencian costume.

 Hundreds of people gathered during the route along the streets of the city up to the Basilica in order to cheer up, make flattering comments and immortalize the participants with their cameras and mobile phones, specially babies and little “falleras” that paraded with grace to the festivity music

Halfway between civic and religious, this ceremony, in which people cry and smile while paying tribute to their patron saint, finished, according to the tradition, when the Virgin was given an offering by the main fallera, Begoña Jiménez. After that, since the weather allowed it, the “Nit del Foc” took place, the most important fireworks display at the Fallas.

Nit del foc: the Night of the Fire

 Ricardo Caballer Pyrotechnics has been responsible for the spectacular fireworks for eight years. And this year, the sky was decorated by them with smiling faces, stars, spirals and butterflies for more than twenty minutes. 7,500 elements and 2,750 kilos of regulated materials were used to achieve this spectacle.


It took place on Monday, 18th March, at 1,30 a.m. ; and it announced the arrival of Saint Joseph’s Day, when each year almost 800 monuments – big and children’s sizes –  all around the city are burnt for all night and morning long. Then they rise from their ashes to welcome spring and, of course, 2014 Fallas.


Source:  http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2013/03/18/valencia/1363633364.html

Concern at Spanish universities about students’ language skills

31 Mar

Spanish students have several spelling problems and a severe lack of reading comprehension. Teachers wonder if besides specific knowledge, language skills should be also evaluated to avoid spelling mistakes, considering that, for instance, some students are used to write like if they were sending text messages.

Some of these spelling errors, like an extra “h” in “habrir”, are inappropriate. Such error looks like it has been done on purpose. For example, people who occupy uninhabited places are “okupa”; an incorrect form of the Spanish word “ocupar”, to occupy in English. It may seem strange, however, when a Spanish teacher of Linguistics and a science agronomy specialist think about coincidences searching usual spelling errors made by their pupils. Both specialists find “Habrir”. How can they write such a bizarre word? They speculate that maybe they can’t differentiate between “habría” (past of to be) and “abría” (past of open). Spelling and grammar mistakes usually happen in high schools. Despite the fact that most teachers are realizing about this situation, just a few of them are willing to low the grades.

Salvador Gutiérrez, coordinator of the polemic latest edition of the Spanish orthography, explains: “this is both myth and reality. Excluding metric, poets would gladly say that old orthography was way better. In the past there was a part of the population who hadn’t been educated so they could barely write. Nowadays, we have an education so this part of the population has to write better. Nevertheless, those who studied longer had to endure a long and hard process in which they acquired idiomatic correction. Because of this process, their spelling ability was higher than those who are currently applying for going to the university.

 Flor Salazar, lecturer of Spanish philology in Complutense University of Madrid, thinks that there are more problems than spelling. Orthography is used incorrectly. For instance, we have punctuation: Periods, colons… A Spanish speaker may understand “Baca” as cow even if it is written with B instead of V, but they may not understand the speech if it is not organized correctly. It might be difficult to punctuate but they just don’t even try. For example, it is trendy not to put indentations after periods. They copied it from English speakers mostly because it was useful. She recalls that she had to write essays daily. Current students should also do it. “I still remember a classmate at university who misspelled the word diminutivo (diminutive, in English) and got a Zero as score. It happened fourteen years ago”

A former teacher of Spanish at high school, Amparo Medina Bocos, remarks the importance of stressed syllables in Spanish . Depending on which syllable is stressed “revolver” it may mean “revolver” (to stir) or “revólver” (handgun). Strangely, people don’t bother so much about this error as they do with confusing B and V. People are guilty of sloth. On streets, you may find words like “antiguedades” in instead of “antigüedades”. Even shop’s names are written incorrectly.


                     Some students with their smartphones


José Luis Pardo, professor of Philosophy in the Complutense University of Madrid puts as an example: If a student writes incorrectly that the Storming of the Bastille was two years before it really happened it is unlikely he will get the full score but he won’t fail the exam for sure. However if he moves the year 2 centuries he may fail it. Time ago, a student mistook just a letter; this mistake changed the meaning of the expression to the “Storming of the pill”. In such cases, the student does not need a mark but a warning since he hasn’t reached the needed level for getting a qualification. It also happens with spelling errors. It is not the same if a philosophy freshman writes the German surname Wittgenstein without double t than if he writes the Spanish word for should wrong. Such error would make him fail the text, as there is not another method to explain him that his level is not enough for getting a qualification. It would be like asking an engineer if a bridge should be built correctly or “it is ok to just build it carelessly”. Maybe a sudden squall collapses it.

Professor of physics, Jose Manuel Sanchez Ron has decided recently to introduce some changes in History of Sciences, his elective subject. This time he is going to penalize both orthographic and spelling errors. He considers that these errors won’t determine if they pass or not. “If I tell them to pay attention, they will be more skilled on the future. They would probably ignore it. That’s why I chose to penalize them instead.” Of course, the first day of the course he reminds them about how important writing skills are. “I’m not one of their buddies. They can’t write like text messages in my lectures”.

Mr. Ron explains that English is the most important language in Sciences but he doesn’t want his students to use it as an excuse, because solving mathematical theorems and problems are enough for them. Spelling is not relative but absolute. it is like the manifestation of some sort of Postmodern Movement.

Reaching an agreement about if they should evaluate structure besides contents is not easy. Ten years ago, some Spanish Philology teachers at Complutense university of Madrid, told the rectorship about creating a common regulation for dealing with students. However, he replied that it was beyond his competence. “The score should be lowered for really huge mistakes or if the student continues to have the same mistake again and again” “Since we don’t have regulations such as being fully clothed or not to bring pets, we don’t need a regulation for this issue. Also dignity (The felling of shame to common reproach) should be enough to make anybody think twice before doing so. Obviously, as it no longer works, a common regulation or even a state regulation is needed. It may be the easiest way to stop it. So that we don’t need to warn students about something they should already know”.

If there is someone who may be interested on this, it would be our next teacher. This teacher works in a communication degree in a prestigious university. He was confronted by his students because he lowered scores of those who committed spelling or orthographic errors. Some students even failed the exam. “It is both students and teacher fault,” he explains. Teachers have lowered the required standards too much. We have forgotten that we ought to make them realize that they need to know how to write properly. In some cases, students have requested to be graded for their knowledge, not for their writing style. Editors are not so frequent in the present. And there is no time for correcting most of the texts. Also, even if their texts can be corrected, this shouldn’t be used as an excuse.

This teacher suggests a hopeless present and future at University: “The educational community is more and more afraid to prevail. Students dare to say and do things that we would have never say or do in our generation.” Some teachers get frightened; some of them just try to avoid dealing with problems. Mostly because, in the actual crisis, seeing as their income has dropped, as their job increases. They would rather not to bother about it than to face their students complaining.

In Valencia, Education professionals are considering setting a limit for orthographic errors on university admission exams. Right now, these errors are taken into account just on Language and Literature subjects. It would reduce the score up to three points for grammar mistakes and four by 2015. This plan will be set gradually so that high schools can solve this problem. The Ministry of Education reform forecasts exams at the end of most pre-university levels. These exams will probably make spelling and orthography being taught more carefully.

Journalist and language teacher in high school, Javier López, complains about how difficult is to vanish grammatical mistakes. Unrelated people think this is just part of language, so they think they should not bother about lowering scores for it. Some of them even complain about language teachers’ attitude. “If they don’t make their students fail their exams for it, why should I do it? My subject is history.” But he explains “The correct use of the language is not just a part of Spanish classes but is part of every subject. Every different field of knowledge has specific terms which students need to learn. This vocabulary ought to be written correctly. For instance, a math teacher would not allow the term for angle written like “hángulo” with an extra h.”

Three years ago, thirty seven year old Mr.López, started to teach Language and Literature. He was speechless when he found teachers using learning methods similar to those used in the XIX century. Despite exercises like dictation or copying errors used successfully by previous generations of students, those methods no longer work. He frequently talks with his students through Social networking sites and forces them to write correctly. When you had to write a letter even if it was for a friend, didn’t you struggle to write it? It was because that piece of paper showed who you were. What I’ve done was to make them understand than in websites like Tuenti or Facebook it is possible to write correctly. I know that the communication between a student and a teacher would never be the same as how they communicate between themselves. Mr. López became famous with his “Your ignorance feeds me” campaign. For every mistake, he would lower the score of the exam. Students who wanted to get the full score back had to bring some sort of food. This is how they were able to donate half ton of food.

Not everything is bad. There is a certain minority of people who are concerned about how to use the language, as it is explained on the department of Doubts of the Royal Spanish Institute of Language. This website, Today’s Spanish, receives more than a hundred questions every day. More people have access to medium education, high education and so have good knowledge of language which is essential for most skilled works. Now people have several different ways to get such information or solve language questions easier without requiring to use harder-to-understand or complicated grammar and reference works.


There are some serious errors


As Mr. Pardo suggests “in the police entrance exams of Canary islands, at the south of the country, they decided to set an othographic exercise for measuring it. Just 17 out of 168 people passed it. THe polemic exercise consisted on searching othographic errors in 22 phrases in 10 minutes. SHould they lower the level?” “They shouldn’t be harsh but fair,” replies Mr. Gutiérrez, Language teacher in University of León. Those who want to work in public administrations must know not only the requirements for their desired occupation, but also the language they need to use. If a police officer have to fill a report, he should be able to show in public that they can do it.”

Mr. Pardo does not believe it. Those who infringe the most basic principle of coexistence: respecting, using and sharing the same language are the one who sued the authority. If such infringement is allowed – something really regrettable – everybody would be able to do the same. Such public morality shall not be allowed. The authority should penalize them as it does with those who disobey traffic laws.

According to the Minister Wert’s new law of Education, high schoolers will have at least 25% of maths, 25% of English, and 25% of Literature classes. So maybe the tragic story of spelling mistakes would end soon. Or at least it will be less prevalent. This may be the end of the latest Spanish Internet meme, version of the slang “watcha doin?” “Ola k ase”.

Source:    http://sociedad.elpais.com/sociedad/2013/02/16/actualidad/1361037969_843190.html

Bullfighting has got a 41% lower since 2007 to 2011

4 Mar

The number of bull festivals has been reduced to half since 2007 | Professionals increase a 25 % and there is a 50% more of bullfighters assistants | Bullrings are empty, but the arena, where the bulls are killed, is getting filled by unemployed men doing ‘el paseíllo’, ceremonial entry of bullfighters.


‘Paseíllo’, ceremonial entry of bullfighters.

Bull festivals show growing symptoms of decadence every year in Spain. A year after banning bullfighting (in September 2011) in Catalonia, a region in the north-east of Spain, the number of bull festivals descended an 8%; so the fall in four years reached the 41% already, according to the information from the Spanish Ministry of Culture in 2007-2011.

In that period, the number of bullfights went down from 953 to 561. Besides, the main bull festivals: bullfight, rejoneo, which consists on fighting the bull on horseback with a lance, and novilladas con picadores, who are lancers on horseback that bullfight with young bulls, will be reduced to half if we add the projections of 2012, yet without information. But the festivity resists dying, and proof to this is that the Spanish Congress discussed on February 12th whether they accept the initiative of the Federación de Entidades Taurinas (Federation of the Bullfighting Entities) to make the party Asset of Cultural Interest or not, as it was known on February the 7th. Here is the possibility of bullfights coming back to Catalonia.

The most surprising thing of the information provided by the ministry is that the number of bullfighters increased a 25% in that period. The main reason for this was the economic crisis, which made that many amateurs of these traditions decided to go ahead and grasp the bull by the horns to have a remunerated job.
“Don’t you fear being stabbed by the bull’s horns? Hunger stabs you worse”, they might think when jumping into the bullring.

Spanish people are less interested every time in bullfights and parties with bulls. In 2011, the number of main bull festivals (bullfights, rejoneo, novilladas con picadores) decreased a 14%, in such way that in four years (2007-2011) the fall makes a 46% (it went from 2,045 to 1,120 festivities).

The fall will be bigger when the new information of 2012 will be known, since it will be the first re-counting without Catalonia’s assistance, where bullfights were banned by the Parlament, the Catalan parliament, at the end of 2011. “We estimate that in the end of 2012, and with Catalonia’s prohibition, the number of bullfights would be less than half of the ones of 2007”, according to Chesús Ferrer, a member of Ecologists in Action, a bullfighting entity which has been carrying out this kind of monitoring of the bullfighting supporters.

In fact, people are losing their interest in bullfighting and bull parties in general. The evolution of the ensemble of bull festivals (including parties, bullfight with young bulls, funny shows…) has decreased a 37%. In 2007, 3,651 bull festivals were celebrated, whereas in 2011 they were reduced to 2,290. A wide sector of the Spanish citizenship seems to be keen to put an end to it. So then, if the known as the national party dies, it will not be because of its forbidding in Catalonia.
In some way, these data rule in favour of those who think that cruel, bloodthirsty festivals may disappear without the need of prohibitions, but as a consequence of the change of values and the modernization of traditions.

The increasing lack of interest that bullfights awake is also shown in the results of a cultural habits and practices survey carried out by the Ministry of Education, a four-year official statistic which reflects a decrease of attendees. The number of people who say they attend bullfights has fell from 9.8 % during the period 2006-2007 to 8.5% during the period 2010-2011. “This important decrease would be even higher if official attendance data were available, instead of mere surveys, since these also include the number of people who attend shows which are not about bullfighting, such us funny shows, running of bulls or shows with young calves in villages”, says Ferrer.

The decrease of bullfights (2010-2011) affects all the autonomous communities of Spain except for two of them. The result is that, despite of the warnings made by many fans, the national party is not recovered: “If this keeps this way, bullfighting’s ending can be near “, say the anti-bullfighting groups.

The detachment that Spanish people are feeling about these bull shows contrasts with the official support that bullfights are having, up to the point of that some autonomous communities, mostly the ones governed by the right-wing Spanish party, the PP, have started proceedings to declare this festivities World Heritage or Asset of Immaterial Cultural Interest, trying to have with this the support of UNESCO.

But while the bullring is getting empty, the arena fills with jobless people, eager for the ceremonial entry and for carrying some traditional elements such as a cape, banderillas, which are small lances used during a bullfight or a pica, a pointed stick used for making bulls move. In the past years, permanent or mobile bullrings had turned into a yearning job for a lot of unemployed workers who are longing to risk everything and to change their lives.

Since 2007, in absolute terms, the number of taurine professionals has been increased until reaching 9,293 in 2001 (compared to 7,397 in 2007). There are people whose lives have been centered around bulls somehow and who have decided to take a step forward to try their luck, something which makes us remind of those post-war Spaniards who struggled to escape from poverty triumphantly. And everyone is aware that professional bullfighters earn very good salaries.

The number of matadores or bullfighters has augmented these last four years (an 18.6%) and  the same happened to the number of rejoneadores, people who fight the bull on horseback with the lance; novilleros or apprentice bullfighters who fight young bulls; banderilleros, men who stick small lances or banderillas into the bull’s neck; lancers or picadores, who pokes the bull with a large spear before the performance in order to prevent major hurts to the bullfighter and even comical bullfighters, dwarf men that make people laugh in circus shows. Nevertheless, the most surprising datum is the growth of bullfighters’ assistant, a 50%, which indicates that working in a lower hierarchy is not that bad. In the same way, the number of registered bullfighting livestock companies has increased (from 1,327 to 1,391), even though the amount of bullfighting schools has decreased from 49 to 42.

“All these results contrast with some state and autonomous administrations’ determination of shielding bullfights and giving them more public assistance. If bull’s survival depended on public attendance, it wouldn’t survive. All aids would be in vain, since the lack of citizens’ interest, increasingly sensitized against animal abuse, is the main enemy of these customs”, Chesús Ferrer says. Ecologists in Action demand to public institutions not to insist on keeping “aberrant and cruel practices with animals” and to go on the way paved by the broad majority of the Spanish society.

Source: http://www.lavanguardia.com/cultura/20130210/54365244648/el-numero-de-corridas-en-espana-descendio-un-41-del-2007-al-2011.html
Photo: http://www.mundotoro.com

Urdangarin’s ex–partner involves the Spanish Royal Household in his statements.

28 Feb
Diego Torres referred some e-mails written and signed by the Palm’s Duke, Urdangarin, to the judge José Castro; which revealed the King Juan Carlos and his daughter Cristina’s administration managements to benefit the Nóos Institute’s business.

The investigation of the Nóos Institute’s business, run by Iñaki Urdangarin, Spanish King’s son-in-law and husband of the King’s youngest daughter, Cristina; and Diego Torres, has just turned up a notch. Manuel González Peeters, Torres’ lawyer, has referred to the judge José Castro, responsible of the previously stated investigation, a document denouncing the epidemic amnesia suffered by the imputed and the witnesses, which exculpate the Duke in their statements. Besides, he attached a series of e-mails which reveal that the King Juan Carlos and his daughter Cristina had made managements to benefit this non-profit entity’s commercial interest.


Iñaki Urdangarin, entering into the Court

Manuel González Peeters, defence attorney of the Undargarin’s ex-partner in the Nóos Institute, Diego Torres, has presented a sarcastic document to the judge José Castro, to denounce the epidemic amnesia suffered by the imputed and witnesses, who are exculpating the Duke in their judicial declarations. All of them maintain, in line with what the King’s son-in-law had already said, that the Nóos’ administration and all the economic issues were Torres’ responsibility. The document denounces that Urdangarin exercises ‘inappropriately the accusation’ in order to leave her wife ‘out of this tight spot’.The investigation of the Nóos Institute’s business, run by Iñaki Urdangarin, Spanish King’s son-in-law and husband of the King’s youngest daughter, Cristina; and Diego Torres, has just turned up a notch. Manuel González Peeters, Torres’ lawyer, has referred to the judge José Castro, responsible of the previously stated investigation, a document denouncing the epidemic amnesia suffered by the imputed and the witnesses, which exculpate the Duke in their statements. Besides, he attached a series of e-mails which reveal that the King Juan Carlos and his daughter Cristina had made managements to benefit this non-profit entity’s commercial interest.The investigation of the Nóos Institute’s business, run by Iñaki Urdangarin, Spanish King’s son-in-law and husband of the King’s youngest daughter, Cristina; and Diego Torres, has just turned up a notch. Manuel González Peeters, Torres’ lawyer, has referred to the judge José Castro, responsible of the previously stated investigation, a document denouncing the epidemic amnesia suffered by the imputed and the witnesses, which exculpate the Duke in their statements. Besides, he attached a series of e-mails which reveal that the King Juan Carlos and his daughter Cristina had made managements to benefit this non-profit entity’s commercial interest.

Peeters includes in the document e-mails Iñaki Urdangarin had sent to some of the witnesses, who had claimed they had nothing to do with the administration in this non-profit entity. In addition, the mails denied Urdangarin had been disassociated of the Nóos Institute in 2006, so as the Royal Household had required. Once in Washington, he kept following closely this entity’s activity, like he was still part of it. ‘It’s a pity not having the webpage in English’, he wrote in one of his e-mails, dated 1st October, 2007.

The e-mails also reveal the implication of Cristina and the King Juan Carlos in Urdangarin’s business. The references to the managements made by the King and his daughter are constant in the e-mails written by the Duke, all with a subsequent date to the moment when, in theory, he was supposed to have abandoned the Nóos Institute. “I have a message from the King and he’s the one who told Cristina that Camps –a Spanish politician who belongs to the People’s Party (PP)– would call Pedro to talk about the Prada’s base… In another occasion, he writes: “ Agustín Zuleta asked Cristina to have some coffee, so as he can explain to her some stuff he can’t tell by phone…” There are two more mentions included in another e-mails written by the Duke and which point right to Juan Carlos. “The King met Pedro, as we wanted to, so he could present him the project…” and “Your Majesty, the King, told me that a friend has made a management…”

The judge, José Castro, has incorporated these documents to the summary, but will not make any decision until Diego Torres declares, on May 22nd.

Source: Cadena Ser. Photo: Google Images

The crisis of the Spanish monarchy, by the international press

29 Apr

Diverse international media have reacted to the news of the accident of the King of Spain, Juan Carlos I, during a hunting trip in Botswana. The monarch, according to the official statement, fell during a safari and his hip was fractured, and that is why he underwent surgery in Madrid, where he had a prosthesis implanted successfully this Saturday. The Spanish press’s reaction, and especially the numerous Spanish citizens in Internet, has been followed by the international press.

The ‘Financial Times’, for example, emphasizes that the Spanish monarchy is going through a “giant crisis”: “The expensive safari related to the elephant hunting of the King was kept privately and it was only announced because of the broken hip”, he writes. The newspaper, that mentions the Sunday’s editorial of ‘El Mundo’, also remembers the rest of problems in which the royal family is situated and stresses the decrease in intention of vote of the PP (Popular Party) and PSOE (Socialist Worker Spanish Party) shown by the opinion polls, followed by the increase of Izquierda Unida (another left party).

‘Time’ magazine, that two days before the royal problem was known was already assuring that the monarchy was crossing for a difficult situation in Spain – “during decades, the Borbon family has avoided the public censorship and scrutiny that they have pestered other European monarchies”, it said the 12th-, published the news of the accident and took advantage to remember the hunting of the “Mitrofan” bear in Russia and the critics to the Royal Family in a moment where the unemployment “is getting to the 23%”, recalls the magazine.

As other media have done, ‘Time’ remembers also the accident that, in the childhood of the monarch, ended with the life of his brother, the prince Alfonso. “The most serious incident that happened with weapons was in 1956, when the King Juan Carlos shot and killed accidentally his 14-year-old brother while he was holding a weapon during their holidays in Portugal”, writes ‘The Washington Post ‘.

In the United Kingdom, France or Germany

Two of the main British newspapers, ‘The Guardian’ and ‘ The Daily Mail ‘, also publish the news. The first one emphasizes the fierce reviews on the monarch after his accident and shows a photo of him with a dead elephant and the hunter Jeff Rann, while the second one emphasizes the critiques that the King has had in social networks.

The BBC, in his web, stresses also the “indignation in Spain” for the trip of the King and even assures that the “royal stumble revives the debate of that type of hunting “. As the rest of the media, it also mentions the current problems of the King’s relatives and the recent accident with a shotgun of his grandson, Froilán de Marichalar.

Also in France the details of the accident of Juan Carlos I have been collected. ‘Le Point’, for example, assures that in our country there is “discomfort” with the King at the time that they pick up the editorials of the main Spanish diaries. Likewise, the web page of TF1 emphasizes that this is “the fourth surgery in two years” of the monarch.

Also the Italian ‘Corriere della sera’ or the ‘German Bild’ gather the royal accident. But these are only some examples. In the last 24 hours thousands of news have been generated in Spain related to the monarch —according to Google News— in Spanish and English.

Source: http://www.elmundo.es/elmundo/2012/04/15/espana/1334500782.html